Approximately 60 million individuals worldwide have glaucoma. It’s also one of the leading causes of vision loss in the world. At NOVA Vision Center, we believe that having a good understanding of this disease is a reliable way to stop its increasing prevalence. Let your expert eye doctor answer the top questions about this problem.
Q: What Causes Glaucoma?
Your eye fluid, also referred to as the aqueous humor, normally drains through the trabecular meshwork. This structure is located in the angle created between your cornea and iris. For unknown reasons, structural infirmities may impair the fluid emptying process in your eyes, resulting in ocular fluid build-up.
Q: How Does Glaucoma Affect My Visual Health?
Glaucoma is characterized by uncontrolled fluid accumulation, resulting in high intraocular pressure (IOP) levels. If left uncontrolled, this may lead to optic nerve compression and damage later on. This may cause problems with the image translation process, resulting in visual changes. This is why it’s important that you undergo a comprehensive eye exam immediately.
Q: What Are the Classifications and Manifestations of Glaucoma?
The close or narrow-angle glaucoma develops when structural changes result in narrowing of the draining channel. This often leads to rapid fluid accumulation, resulting in uncontrolled and continuous rise of your IOP levels. You may have blurry eyesight when this happens. Halos around lights and restricted peripheral vision are also common. This type is often associated with sudden onset of blindness as well.
The primary open or wide-angle type comprises around 90 percent of the reported glaucoma cases. It’s marked by increased IOP even if the angle is unobstructed. This condition does not show any manifestations at first, which is why glaucoma is also referred to as the “silent thief of sight.” As the disease advances, however, you may have severe headaches. You may also need stronger lens power for your eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Q: How Is Glaucoma Managed?
We can prescribe IOP-lowering eye drops to maintain volume-pressure balance in your eyes. We may also recommend performing trabeculectomy to drain unnecessary eye fluids. Lastly, we can suggest laser eye surgery to correct structural irregularities.
If you have any further questions about glaucoma, call us at (703) 291-0080, or complete our form. We serve Falls Church, Arlington, and nearby VA areas.